COBALT, SERUM

Specimen Required
Patient Preparation: Patients should be encouraged to discontinue nutritional supplements, vitamins, minerals, and non-essential over-the-counter medications.
Draw blood in a dark blue no-additive tube. Centrifuge and separate serum from cells within 2 hours of collection. Send 2.0 mL serum (0.5 mL minimum) room temperature in a blue-capped ARUP metal-free screw-capped plastic vial. Please contact laboratory for metal-free screw-capped plastic vials. Specimens in other containers will be rejected.

Alternate Specimen
Plasma: Dark blue EDTA

Rejection Criteria
SST, clotted specimens, serum from a red-top.

Methodology
Quantitative Inductively Coupled Plasma - Mass Spectrometry

Stability
Room temperature; Indedinitely; Refrigerated: Indefintely; Frozen: Indefintely

Reference Range
<=1.0 µg/L
Interpretive Data: Elevated results may be due to skin or collection-related contamination, including the use of a noncertified metal-free collection/transport tube. If contamination concerns exist due to elevated levels of serum/plasma cobalt, confirmation with a second specimen collected in a certified metal-free tube is recommended.
Serum cobalt levels can be used in the assessment of occupational exposure or toxic ingestion. Symptoms associated with cobalt toxicity vary based on route of exposure, and may include cardiomyopathy, allergic dermatitis, pulmonary fibrosis, cough and dyspnea. Whole blood is the preferred specimen type for evaluating metal ion release from metal-on metal joint arthroplasty. Serum cobalt levels may be increased in asymptomatic patients with metal-on-metal prostetics and should be considered in the context of the overall clinical scenario.

Performed
Tuesday, Friday

Turnaround Time3-8 days
Test CodeCOBS
CPT-4 Code (s)
83018
LOINC Codes
5627-5

Warde
Medical
Laboratory